COUNTRY REPORT FOR UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION FOR ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION (Prepared with Special Reference to Dalit Community of Nepal) – 1994.
Author: Hira Vishwakarma
Dalit Welfare Organization, Milan Road, Teku, Kathmandu, Nepal. Tel. No. 215534; and
Feminist Dalit Organization, Kupondole, Lalitpur, Nepal. Tel. No. 523382.
Action Aid Nepal and Save the Children, USA.
This was perhaps the first Nepal Report on the Convention of Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination that was prepared by Dalit activists themselves for submission to the concerned committee of the United Nations’ Convention. Thanks to a provision under Article No. 14 of the Convention for lodging a written complain directly to the convention by the victims, this report was prepared collectively by the intelligent Dalits under mitigation of a few NGOs, which were working against the racial discrimination in the country. This was an alternate report to the Government supported report, prepared with no apparent transparency, that has been submitted to the UN Committee regularly during the erstwhile Panchayat system, and has been continued even during the era of Multi-party democracy following 1990 popular movement.
The report outlines the existing situation of caste discrimination specially relating to Dalits who have been declared untouchables by the law of land until 1963 when the Naya Muluki Ain (New Civil Code) was enacted.
The Contents of the Report are:
- Dalits Before the Unifications of Nepal
- Unification of Nepal and the role played by Dalits
- Situation after Muluki Ain (National Code) of 1853
c. Health & Environment
d. Participation in bureaucracy, Judiciary and Technical Service
e. Army and Police Service
f. Participation in Politics or legislation
1) Incidents of not accepting milk from Dalits by Dairies and Cooperatives
2) Temple entering incidents
3) A struggle to take water from a well of Sipa Pokhare
4) An incident of blowing Conch-shell
Article 1 – 7
a. Human Rights Organizations
b. INHURED International
d. Amnesty International
1) Nepali Congress
2) Nepal Communist Party (UML)
3) National Democratic Party
4) Nepal Sadvawana Party
5) Nepal Labourers and Peasants’ Party
6) Nepal Communist Party (Masal)
2) Opposition Political Parties
3) Dalit Organizations
4) Human Rights Organizations
5) International Organizations
- By Ramesh Singh
- By Keith Leslie